Canada’s election sprint has begun, with six whirlwind weeks of nationwide campaigning before voters decide on Oct. 21 whether Liberal Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will get a second mandate. Trudeau’s main challenger is Conservative Party Leader Andrew Scheer, but individual races for 338 House of Commons seats from across the country will determine which party will form the next government.Story Continued Below Canada is a parliamentary democracy in the British tradition, meaning voters don’t directly select the prime minister. In order for Trudeau to maintain power, his Liberals must win the most ridings, or electoral districts, and the margin of victory will influence the form the next government takes — whether it’s a majority or a minority arrangement. Here’s a five-step primer on how Canadian federal elections work: Step 1: The Declaration This step marks the formal start of the campaign. It’s what happened on Wednesday when Trudeau, in his capacity as prime minister, visited Queen Elizabeth’s Canadian representative, Governor General Julie Payette, to ask that she dissolve Parliament. Lawmakers had actually departed Ottawa in June, but Payette formally shut down Parliament and issued writs of election for each electoral district, giving MPs and their challengers the green light to… Read full this story
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